The Environment Council adopted conclusions on climate change, which underscore the unprecedented urgency needed to step up global efforts to avoid the dangerous effects of climate change, and said that climate change is occurring and its effects are being felt around the world. In these conclusions, environment ministers sent a strong political signal that forms the basis of the EU`s position at the next UN climate change conference (COP24) to be held in Katowice, Poland, in December. EU heads of state and government welcomed the historic climate agreement reached at COP21 in Paris and called on the Commission and the Council to assess the results by March 2016, including the 2030 climate and energy framework, and to prepare for the next steps. To combat climate change and its negative effects, 197 countries adopted the Paris Agreement at COP21 on 12 December 2015 in Paris. The agreement, which came into force less than a year later, aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius this century, while continuing to limit the rise to 1.5 degrees. The alliance of small island states and least developed countries, whose economies and livelihoods are most affected by the negative effects of climate change, has taken the initiative to address losses and damage as a particular theme of the Paris Agreement.  However, developed countries were concerned that looking at the issue as a separate issue that goes beyond adaptation would create additional climate funding or imply legal responsibility for catastrophic climate events. (c) reconciling financial flows with a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development. The IPCC notes that climate change is limited only by a “substantial and sustainable reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.” While the benefits of presenting a single global temperature threshold as a dangerous climate change can be discussed, the general scientific view is that an increase in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be an unacceptable risk – potentially leading to mass extinctions, more severe droughts and hurricanes, and an arid region. While it is not clear that global warming will cause “sudden and irreversible changes” in Earth`s systems, the risk of exceeding the threshold only increases if temperatures rise. The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced pollution reduction initiatives. In December 2019, EU leaders approved the goal of making the EU climate neutral by 2050.
Poland has not been able to commit to this goal at this stage and the European Council will return to this issue in June 2020. EU heads of state and government have recognised the need to ensure a cost-effective, socially equitable and equitable transition, taking into account different national situations. The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come. The aim is to increase countries` climate ambitions over time.