No solution will put an end to the pollution of marine plastics. International cooperation is needed to reduce the demand for single-use plastic products, move to sustainable plastic management and improve waste management infrastructure that encourages zero waste. To do so, the international community must commit to achieving concrete, measurable and temporary goals to reduce plastic emissions in our oceans. Learning from climate change and other global environmental problems (for example. B Ozone depletion) (18), we can accelerate solutions globally. Support for a new global treaty to address the plastic pollution crisis is growing internationally, but without the two largest waste producers per capita – the United States and the United Kingdom – that have not yet reported their participation. Until the meeting takes place in many international trials, as planned, following disruptions caused by the Covid 19 pandemic, our activists plead, before the meeting, for the treaty to be concluded at the ADF. “Maintaining the status quo is not only unsustainable, but it would also have disastrous effects on planet Earth,” said Christina Dixon, senior Ocean Campaigner at the EIA. “It is therefore encouraging to see that such increasing convergence is increasing around a global and legally binding treaty on the fight against plastic pollution.” We need real solutions that try to contain the flow of cheap and unnecessary plastics and uncontrollable amounts of plastic waste. These include capping new production, banning single-use plastic items and imposing sustainable packaging practices and other margin and delivery systems for their products.
It is important that the ability to prevent and reduce plastic pollution at the local and national level varies by country and region due to the availability of resources for waste management. Many regions receive large imports of single-use plastic products, but they do not have sufficient infrastructure for waste collection and management. The result is large amounts of plastic waste dumped into the environment, put into makeshift landfills and/or treated by open incineration, resulting in emissions of hazardous chemicals. The lack of an explicit link between commercialized plastic and waste management capacity makes it almost impossible for many local governments to effectively prevent plastic pollution. At a hearing of the Inter-Parliamentary Union on ocean conference planning in February 2017, some Member States said they wanted to act, but legislative or infrastructure instruments to combat marine plastic pollution were lacking. In addition, CIEL is working to strengthen existing international and regional instruments to combat plastic pollution more effectively. For example, CIEL supported a proposal to amend the Basel Convention on the control of cross-border movements of hazardous waste and its disposal to ensure that countries most exposed to pollution can refuse plastic waste that they cannot safely manage and better protect their environment and population. The International Maritime Organization (IMO), the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Ship Pollution (MARPOL) and other maritime instruments, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants and the Strategic Approach to International Chemical Management (SAICM) are also areas of activity. At the international level, the EIS is working with several organizations of the Break Free From Plastic (BFFP) movement to bring the world`s countries together around a new global agreement on pollution of marine plastics through lobbying at the UN Environment Assembly (UNA) and related meetings.
On the basis of our important activities in other multilateral for a, such as the Basel Convention and the International Maritime Organisation, as well as our experience on the ground, which is committed to reducing plastic at European level, no