U.S. President Donald Trump, who wants re-election on Nov. 3, sealed the deal in a phone conversation with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and the head of the Transitional Council, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, senior U.S. officials said. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the deal was a “spectacular breakthrough for peace” and the beginning of a “new era.” The announcement of Trump`s payment deal and his promise to lift the label of sponsor of terrorism quickly fueled speculation that Sudan would join Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates in establishing relations with Israel. In a joint statement by the governments of Israel, Sudan and the United States, “the heads of state and government agreed to normalize relations between Sudan and Israel and end the state of war between their nations,” In addition, the leaders agreed to begin economic and trade relations. with a first focus on agriculture. The statement also proposed the possibility of further meetings and agreements and said that “the Heads of State and Government also agreed that delegations will meet in the coming weeks to negotiate cooperation agreements in these areas, as well as in the fields of agricultural technology, aviation, migration issues and other areas for the benefit of both peoples.”  The Israel-Sudan normalization agreement is an agreement reached on the 23rd Israel and Sudan agreed to normalize their relations. It is unclear whether the agreement establishes full diplomatic relations between the two nations.   The agreement was concluded under the Bahrain and UAE agreements signed with Israel in September 2020. Sudan was the fifth Arab country to recognize Israel`s right to exist, after Egypt in 1979, Jordan in 1994 and Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates in 2020.
 Unlike the latter two, Sudan had sent troops to fight Israel in major Arab-Israeli wars and regarded Israel as an enemy state.  In addition to continued pressure from the United States to link the suppression of terror to peace moves to Israel, preliminary negotiations benefited from behind-the-scenes encouragement and promises of financial assistance from the UAE and Saudi Arabia, as well as tacit support from neighboring Egypt Sudan. Khartoum`s decision could also accelerate similar normalization efforts by other Arab countries, although such progress is likely to be more gradual than the “Big Splash” peace accords with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. Donald Trump sealed the deal on Friday in a telephone conversation with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, his Sudanese counterpart Abdalla Hamdok and Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the head of Sudan`s Sovereign Council. The Sudanese government stressed that the agreement needs the approval of an elected parliament to enter into force and that it is only a provisional agreement.  Until last month, only two Arab nations – Egypt and Jordan – had officially recognized Israel. The two countries bordering Israel signed peace agreements in 1979 and 1994 respectively, after mediation by the United States. .